Orthodontic treatment is a way of straightening or moving teeth, to improve the appearance of the teeth and how they work. It can also help to look after the long-term health of your teeth, gums and jaw joints, by spreading the biting pressure over all your teeth.
The benefits of orthodontic treatment include a healthier mouth, a more pleasing appearance, and teeth that are more likely to last a lifetime.
The results of orthodontic treatment can be dramatic — beautiful smiles, improved dental health and an enhanced quality of life for many people of all ages. There are two different kind of braces used by the Orthodontists as per the requirement of the patient —
Fixed braces consist of brackets and bands bonded or cemented to your teeth and very thin metal wires that gently push your teeth into their right positions. The wire is tied into the brackets with a steel ligature or a coloured plastic ring. Some brackets have clips to hold the wires and no ties are needed. Brackets can be made of metal or tooth-coloured ceramic or plastic. Ordinary fixed braces are bonded to the front of your teeth. There are also braces that can be bonded on the back of your teeth. Various kinds of Fixed Braces used are —
a. Conventional Metallic Braces :
These are the metal braces we usually think of, but updated.
b. Lingual or Internal Braces :
Lingual or Internal Braces are attached to the inside or lingual side of the teeth which makes them completely non-visible. Lingual Orthodontics is well-suited for those adults whose profession demands them to keep in the public eyes.
c. Ceramic Braces :
One of the better options out there is using ceramic braces which made up of composite materials. They come in varying levels of transparency so you have ceramic brace that can take on the natural color of the teeth or are thoroughly translucent to be called clear ceramic braces and they do not stain. Most adults prefer ceramic braces because they blend in with the color of the teeth and are cosmetically less noticeable than metal.
If detected at the earlier stage it can be treated by filling the cavity with tooth color materials and Silver Amalgam. If the decay is extensive and causing pain or swelling it has to undergo a Root Canal Treatment (RCT).
Removable braces are the type of braces which is worn all the time apart from when it has to be removed for cleaning and sport. Removable braces are suitable for minor orthodontic problems such as expanding the upper or lower teeth or straightening crooked teeth. Various kinds of Fixed Braces used are —
a. Invisalign :
Invisalign uses a series of clear removable aligners to straighten your teeth without metal wires or brackets. This is also an invisible way to straighten your teeth without braces.
b. Clear Path Aligners :
Clear Path Aligners are removable medical grade plastic appliances which patient wears instead of brackets and wires to correct malocclusion. Dental aligners are a modern alternative to braces, for teeth that are in need of straightening. The patient can remove Clear Path aligners to eat, drink, brush and floss or for special occasions.
c. Functional Braces :
It is sometimes possible to change the way the jaws grow, using functional appliances. Functional braces achieve the best results if they are worn all the time and if the patient is growing. They should only be left out for eating, playing contact sports and swimming.
d. Mouth Guards :
Mouth guard rests in the mouth and covers both the upper and lower teeth in a variety of different colours. Individual mouth guards can be made by blocking out the teeth before making it in order to allow to fit even though the teeth continue to move during treatment.